Many dimensional approaches need to be consolidated, and measures that include the constitutional-making process should be given a national outlook with the opinions and suggestions of as many stakeholders as possible being sought.
That while the federal system of government seems to be an ideal model for the case of Somalia’s political landscape, it should be designed in a manner that reflects the unique historical, social, political, and economic status of the country and, therefore, room for negotiation, compromise and most important consensus should be open. One thing the people of Somalia should be worried about is personal interests and the interest of regional and international actors that may disrupt any meaningful attempt for peace. Such actions should be rejected and given no room.
In adopting the federal system, proper institutional structures are adopted to ensure swift and effective dispute resolution and interaction between the two levels of government. By this, a bi-cameral parliament will be helpful as the upper house/ senate will exclusively deal with matters of the federal system and act as a link between the two levels of government.
That for better functionality, other institutions such as a revenue allocation authority that will determine revenue allocation between the central and federal states, administrative courts to deal with breach of administrative functions, an independent cohesion and integration commission, constitution implementation commission to ensure proper implementation of the new law and a supreme court with judicial review powers and more vital oversight role on the e executive and legislature.
For the analyzing the argument emphasis that relevant legal framework for elections and constitutional referendum must be conducted in the timeframe with agreement among key stakeholders as early as possible. Otherwise, there would be high uncertainty for “one person, one vote” elections to be held in the country as planned by 2026.
In Somali many young people, including women and minority groups, have less space in the political process; unlikely, the new young generation of Somalia has limited political freedom to take part in the political process; therefore, this study inspired to reveal that some problems facing youth participating in the political activities most of the young people are lacking opportunities, poor mobilizing resources, absence of understanding to political concepts, and lack of employment opportunities, and absence of political ideology.
Almost in 53 years, the country was governed by a non-party political system. As noted, there is new hope for the federal republic of Somalia to hold a universal election in the coming election. Thus, the young people of Somalia will have a chance to exercise their constitutional rights and participate in political activities.
Despite these challenges, all is not lost for the Somali woman. For one, they are known for their resilience, competence, and hard work, which provides a promising path to the future. Women tasked with various responsibilities have lived up to the expectations. However, more practical work needs to be done.
Providing an enabling environment where a young Somali girl can grow up and live her dreams is an essential step towards doing justice to the whole process of women empowerment. Any form of prejudice needs to be discouraged. More girls should be encouraged to engage in different and diverse science, art, business, and governance fields. In the end, the county needs to reach a level where women no longer need special allocation in leadership positions as they can compete with fellow women and men and be able to win.
About The Author: Dr. Mohamed BINCOF (Ph.D.), Lecturer, Consultant, and Researcher. You can reach him at email: email@example.com